#MWC15 Barcelona is a great city, but with 100,000 people coming to the city for Mobile World Congress, it is expected that the criminals will come in force to prey upon these unwary travelers. When I travel, I am careful to protect myself from unsavory acts such as pickpocketing or physical attack. I avoid areas that may be dangerous and I take care to protect my personal belongings from theft such as keeping my wallet in my front pants pocket. But it is easy to become complacent and forget about possible ways to become a victim. When I am walking down a street, it is natural for me to have my phone out to look at the map for directions or use another service. My expensive smartphone is now out in the open for someone to run by and grab it. They will be gone before I even have a chance to react.

Smartphone snatch
Smartphone snatch and grab theft via The Times

Mobile service providers are concerned about protecting their networks from DDoS attacks and intrusions that either degrade the performance of their network or expose sensitive information about them or their subscribers. One of the most common points of concern for the service providers is the DNS infrastructure. Every mobile operator has been hit by some DNS attack in the past, whether they are willing to admit it or not. Most service providers have implemented some level of protection against DNS attacks.

But it is not only DNS that mobile service providers should be worried about. Many mobile operators have rolled out, or are rolling out Voice over LTE (VoLTE) services to deliver voice calls over the data network. To enable the VoLTE service, they need to have an IMS infrastructure in place to handle the SIP signaling to connect and monitor the VoLTE call status. Traditionally, before VoLTE, this IMS network has been closed and not accessible from the subscriber devices directly.

Unfortunately, VoLTE changes that. VoLTE requires the smartphone to generate SIP messages to initiate a phone call. These SIP messages are sent to the IMS infrastructure intact. This means it is just a matter of time for malicious hacker to generate fake SIP messages that can reach the IMS services to deliver a DoS attack, obtain unauthorized services, or possibly even gain intelligence about the service provider’s subscribers or network configuration.

Mobile service providers need to take a hard look at this portion of their network. They need to determine what needs to be in place in terms of security services such as an application-aware firewall, and/or DDoS protection solution to protect this newly exposed critical component of their infrastructure. Using a smartphone has changed my vulnerabilities and habits in the same way is VoLTE is forcing mobile service providers to re-inspect all aspects of their network as it changes the fundamental models that they have become accustomed to.