With version 10.1, we've given the session table some long-sought functionality, and revamped its iRules interface completely to give users a new, cleaner, full-featured way to keep track of global data. We are very proud to introduce the table command...

  1. Basics
  2. New Ways To Set Data
  3. New Ways To Alter Data
  4. Data Expiration
  5. Advanced Data Expiration
  6. Subtables
  7. Counting
  8. The Fine Print
  9. Examples

In this eighth part of the series on the usage of the new table command, we discuss the limitations, a few advanced details and plans for the future.


As fantastic as the new session table is, it does have its limitations. You can't use the table command in RULE_INIT or any other global event. There's no way to access the session table outside of tmm. The ability to count and list keys is limited to subtables. Timestamps are limited to 1-second resolution, so there's no way to do counts for sub-second events.

As you saw, you can use it for accurate counting, but that's not nearly as easy to use as we'd like it to be. We tried very hard to come up with a command, or set of commands, that would hide all the table manipulation and just do the counting for you, but everything we came up with was either very complicated or would always use the most computationally expensive method for counting, and that seemed like a bad tradeoff.

Advanced details

Because there is only one global session table, the session command and the table command both act on the same data. For example, if you insert an entry into the session table with the session command, you could then later look up that data (perhaps in another iRule) using the table command. However, the session command cannot access any data in a subtable in any way.

The session table is mirrored to the standby, and this cannot be disabled.

While most of the table commands are fairly low weight, getting the list of keys in a subtable is very heavy weight.

Because of the new features that subtables have, you might be tempted to use one giant subtable for all your data. This is probably a bad idea, because of the way that the session table is arranged across all the CPUs in a CMP system. Entries in the session table are distributed across all processors. Subtables themselves are also distributed across all processors. However, all of the entries in a given subtable are on the same processor. So if you put all of your entries (or the vast majority of them) into the same subtable, then one CPU will take a disproportionate amount of memory and load. Which you probably don't want. So, in general, more, smaller subtables are a better arrangement than fewer, larger subtables.

Plans for the future

We think that we've provided a great set of features here, and that they will help you a great deal, but we recognize that it's probably not perfect. Also, we have lots of other plans for future enhancements to the session table and the table command.  Ideally, this would completely take the place of global variables in iRules. We would love to get your feedback on what is most important to fix or add. The best way to do that is not to merely suggest features, but to supply us with actual use cases. What can't you do with the existing commands? What can you do, but only in an ugly way?

Continue reading part nine in the series: Examples